Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) is a circulatory disorder. It involves the narrowing or blockage of any blood vessel outside of the heart. The cause of the blockage is most often the result of a buildup of plaque in the arteries, also known as atherosclerosis. Peripheral Vascular Disease can be prevented through a healthy lifestyle consisting of clean eating, exercise, limit alcohol consumption, not smoking, and maintaining a healthy weight.

Signs and symptoms of Peripheral Vascular Disease

  • Decreased skin temperature
  • Weak pulses in the legs and the feet
  • Gangrene (dead tissue due to lack of blood flow)
  • Impotence
  • Wounds that won't heal over pressure points, such as heels or ankles
  • Numbness, weakness, or heaviness in muscles
  • Pain (described as burning or aching) at rest
  • Paleness when the legs are elevated
  • Reddish-blue discoloration of the extremities
  • Restricted mobility
  • Severe pain
  • Thickened, opaque toenails

Peripheral Vascular Disease can be diagnosed through:

  • Angiogram
  • Ankle-brachial index (ABI) testing
  • Doppler Ultrasound
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA)
  • Treadmill exercise test
  • Pulse volume recording waveform analysis
  • Reactive hyperemia test

Treatment of Peripheral Vascular Disease can be a combination of:

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Medications
  • Angioplasty
  • Surgery